The Bernese Mountain Dog (GER) is a giant-size, long-haired, mountain dog of the four types of German-style dogs (Sennenhund-kind) found in the Swiss Alps. Bred from pure crosses of larger-breed Mastiffs and old guard-style types, Bernese Mountain Dogs have lived in Switzerland for over two thousand years. Originating from four breeds, the Bernese Mountain Dog has been able to adapt to its mountainous environment, and gain strength from its long coat that serves as its protection from cold and snow. Because of this, the breed’s general health is good except for the hip dysplasia.
One of the Bernese Mountain Dog’s most distinguishing characteristics is its thick, coarse coat that is difficult to brush out, even with professional brushing services. Because of this, the bernese mountain dog is prone to matting, and is rarely a winner in beauty contests. This dog should be brushed thoroughly at least twice a week. If it gets matted, it should be corrected before it matts too much, or if you are not able to brush the dense fur, you should buy your dog a matting cover to help you get the matting off easily.
As mentioned above, the bernese mountain dog is a pure-bred mountain puppy. Many Bernese mountain puppies come from the toy group as they were born, and their short coats make them more vulnerable to matting. You should try to avoid getting your puppy from a toy breed, because these puppies have a reputation for matting more easily than other Bernese. Instead, look for a Bernese mountain puppy that comes from another Bernese breed. Toy breeds are more prone to matting.
The bernese mountain dog is very active and energetic. The breed likes to travel and is often used in dog shows as a cross breed with another breed of active dogs. Because of this, these dogs tend to be quieter dogs that don’t bark much. Their large size also limits their exercise habits; they need only an hour walk each day. They love daily romps with the dog playmate of their choice.
Another characteristic of bernese dogs is their high prey drive. These dogs will take on large predators if they are presented with an opportunity to do so. They have been known to take down larger than normal sized game birds such as doves and cockatoos, as well as smaller birds like grosbeaks. They can also be used effectively as hunting dogs, although this is somewhat unusual since their intelligence is considered to be above average. However, when properly trained, a bernese mountain dog can become an excellent hunting companion.
Because of their strong, athletic build, the Bernese mountain dogs are often used for hunting by the sport stockman. The dogs are well suited for a variety of different sports, as they possess great endurance, agility, and strength. They are also eager to please their owners, and often demonstrate a high degree of intelligence. Some also display maternal instincts, which is quite rare in the canine world. The most important quality that one must keep in mind when adopting a Bernese mountain dogs or any other dog, is that the breed should fit your personality, lifestyle, and expectations.